A landscape is the visual aspects of a specific area of land, the landlord, and how they relate to man-made or natural features. Landscape architecture is the art of designing landscapes, which can be in the form of a park, a garden, or a landscape architect’s work. This art form has come quite a distance from its early days and has developed over the years. There is also a wide variety of materials used in landscape architecture like rocks, stones, concrete, and timber. Landscape architecture encompasses both outdoor and indoor areas like pools, spas, gardens, fountains, bridges, as well as palaces, hotels, restaurants, shops, and public buildings. These are designed to accentuate the beauty of the location by incorporating various architectural designs, lighting, accessories, as well as materials.
The first step in landscape design is deciding what the focal point of the landscape will be, which is usually the largest object in the landscape. The focal point can either be a single object such as a rock, a building, or a group of objects like waterfalls, ponds, trees, or a small lake or fountain. Other elements can also be used as a focal point, but they are not usually permanent fixtures in the landscape design.
Trees and shrubs are most often used as a centerpiece in landscaping designs. They can be planted as a single unit that can be viewed from the focal point, or they can be arranged in a walkway around the area. A tree can provide shade for a walkway or other area near the focal point or it can act as a centerpiece by dominating the space. In winter scenes, snowdrops and snowflakes are usually the most common landscape elements, but there are also many other types of objects that can be used as landscape elements. A tree can even be used as an ornament on a walkway or other area.
Landscapes can also include pools and other water features. Water adds dimension to a landscape and brings a softness to the overall feel of the landscaping. Water features can make a simple pond or a larger pool look luxurious and beautiful. They can really liven up a home landscaping project.
Natural landscapes can include streams, lakes, parks, and monuments. Natural landscapes tend to be more calming than man-made ones and are often associated with a specific culture. Cultural landscapes, on the other hand, tend to have a much broader meaning and can incorporate themes from different cultures. An example of this would be a cultural landscape that includes an American flag. This flag may not represent America at all, but it could represent America because of the flag’s connection to the country.
Different people have different ways of viewing natural landscapes. Some people view natural landscapes as timeless and unchangeable. Landscapes change over time, so their definition depends on the kind of person viewing the landscape. Other people view natural landscapes in a cultural context that relates to their country, time, and culture. The truth is that there is no right or wrong way to view a landscape.
A third way of viewing a landscape is by an artist who believes that a certain style of landscape is authentic. If you look at an authentic natural landscape as a creation of organic matter, the artistic qualities come from that organic matter, which has been organically evolved in its surroundings. A contemporary artist might view a modern urban landscape as being organic and based on the artistic qualities of the city rather than on how the city has been organically evolved by nature.
In most cases, it is up to the viewer to interpret a given landscape. As you can see, there are different ways of viewing a landscape, which is why so many landscaping designers have been created. Which method you use for interpreting a given landscape depends entirely on your perspective as a viewer. So pay close attention to the different landscaping features represented here to help make the right decisions for your design!